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Convention on the Law of the Sea

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United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982

CONTENTS

PREAMBLE

PART I. INTRODUCTION

PART II. TERRITORIAL SEA AND CONTIGUOUS ZONE

SECTION 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

SECTION 2. LIMITS OF THE TERRITORIAL SEA

 

SECTION 3. INNOCENT PASSAGE IN THE TERRITORIAL SEA

SUBSECTION A. RULES APPLICABLE TO ALL SHIPS

SUBSECTION B. RULES APPLICABLE TO MERCHANT SHIPS AND GOVERNMENT SHIPS OPERATED FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES

SUBSECTION C. RULES APPLICABLE TO WARSHIPS AND OTHER GOVERNMENT SHIPS OPERATED FOR NON-COMMERCIAL PURPOSES

SECTION 4. CONTIGUOUS ZONE

PART III. STRAITS USED FOR INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION

SECTION 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 2. TRANSIT PASSAGE

SECTION 3. INNOCENT PASSAGE

PART IV. ARCHIPELAGIC STATES

PART V. EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE

PART VI. CONTINENTAL SHELF

PART VII. HIGH SEAS

 

SECTION 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 2. CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE LIVING RESOURCES OF THE HIGH SEAS

PART VIII. REGIME OF ISLANDS

PART IX. ENCLOSED OR SEMI-ENCLOSED SEAS

PART X. RIGHT OF ACCESS OF LAND-LOCKED STATES TO AND FROM THE SEA AND FREEDOM OF TRANSIT

PART XI. THE AREA

 

SECTION l. GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

 

SECTION 2. PRINCIPLES GOVERNING THE AREA

SECTION 3. DEVELOPMENT OF RESOURCES OF THE AREA

SECTION 4. THE AUTHORITY

SUBSECTION A. GENERAL PROVISIONS

SUBSECTION B. THE ASSEMBLY

SUBSECTION C. THE COUNCIL

SUBSECTION D. THE SECRETARIAT

SUBSECTION E. THE ENTERPRISE

SUBSECTION F. FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS OF THE AUTHORITY

SUBSECTION G. LEGAL STATUS, PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES

SUBSECTION H. SUSPENSION OF THE EXERCISE OF RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES OF MEMBERS

SECTION 5. SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES AND ADVISORY OPINIONS

PART XII. PROTECTION AND PRESERVATION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT

SECTION 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 2. GLOBAL AND REGIONAL COOPERATION

SECTION 3. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

SECTION 4. MONITORING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

SECTION 5. INTERNATIONAL RULES AND NATIONAL LEGISLATION TO PREVENT, REDUCE AND CONTROL POLLUTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT

SECTION 6. ENFORCEMENT

SECTION 7. SAFEGUARDS

SECTION 8. ICE-COVERED AREAS

SECTION 9. RESPONSIBILITY AND LIABILITY

SECTION 10. SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY

SECTION 11. OBLIGATIONS UNDER OTHER CONVENTIONS ON THE PROTECTION AND PRESERVATION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT

PART XIII. MARINE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

SECTION 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 2. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

SECTION 3. CONDUCT AND PROMOTION OF MARINE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

SECTION 4. SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTALLATIONS OR EQUIPMENT IN THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT

SECTION 5. RESPONSIBILITY AND LIABILITY

SECTION 6. SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES AND INTERIM MEASURES

PART XIV. DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSFER OF MARINE TECHNOLOGY

SECTION 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 2. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

SECTION 3. NATIONAL AND REGIONAL MARINE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL CENTRES

SECTION 4. COOPERATION AMONG INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

PART XV. SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES

SECTION 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 2. COMPULSORY PROCEDURES ENTAILING BINDING DECISIONS

SECTION 3. LIMITATIONS AND EXCEPTIONS TO APPLICABILITY OF SECTION 2

PART XVI. GENERAL PROVISIONS

PART XVII. FINAL PROVISIONS

 

Annexes to the Convention

ANNEX I. HIGHLY MIGRATORY SPECIES

ANNEX II. COMMISSION ON THE LIMITS OF THE CONTINENTAL SHELF

ANNEX III. BASIC CONDITIONS OF PROSPECTING, EXPLORATION AND EXPLOITATION

ANNEX IV. STATUTE OF THE ENTERPRISE

ANNEX V. CONCILIATION

SECTION 1. CONCILIATION PROCEDURE PURSUANT TO SECTION 1 OF PART XV

SECTION 2. COMPULSORY SUBMISSION TO CONCILIATION PROCEDURE PURSUANT TO SECTION 3 OF PART XV

ANNEX VI. STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE LAW OF THE SEA

 

SECTION 1. ORGANIZATION OF THE TRIBUNAL

SECTION 2. COMPETENCE

SECTION 3. PROCEDURE

SECTION 4. SEABED DISPUTES CHAMBER

SECTION 5. AMENDMENTS

ANNEX VII. ARBITRATION

ANNEX VIII. SPECIAL ARBITRATION

ANNEX IX. PARTICIPATION BY INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

 

© Democracia Participativa / Participatory Democracy